NEWS IN PEDIATRIC GASTROENTEROLOGY PHARMACOLOGY
Gastrointestinal infections: Indications and principal diagnostic methods
Francesco Nunziata, Valentina Cioffi, Alfredo Guarino
1Department of Translational Medical Sciences, Section of Pediatrics, University of Naples Federico II, Italy
Gastrointestinal infections, especially diarrheal diseases, are responsible for high morbidity and mortality worldwide. Until recently, primary approaches to diagnosing gastrointestinal infections included a variety of methods ranging from culture to molecular analyses. The list of enteric pathogens is broad and growing and Sars-Cov-2 is a recent addition. Microbiological investigations, on the other hand, are rarely needed and should be reserved to specific circumstances in which antimicrobial therapy is being considered. In essence, these include host-related conditions rather than etiology-based features and are performed using molecular analyses.